[Dixielandjazz] George Gershwin estate vs Warner Music - Hollywood Reporter, January 14, 2013

Robert Ringwald rsr at ringwald.com
Sat Jan 26 12:57:03 PST 2013

Warner Music Sued for Millions by George Gershwin Heirs
by Eriq Gardner
Hollywood Reporter, January 14, 2013
The heirs of composer George Gershwin have filed a lawsuit that seeks at least $15
million from Warner Bros. Music for the underpayment of royalties and other accounting
The lawsuit was filed Friday in New York State Court.
Gershwin composed "Rhapsody in Blue," "An American in Paris," "Porgy and Bess" and
other famous works. Since his death in 1937, his Trust has been working with various
Warner Music subsidiaries including Warner/Chappell on the exploitation of his work.
In 2007, the Gershwin heirs conducted an audit and allegedly turned up what they
say is Warner Music's failure "to protect and preserve Gershwin's copyright interests
both domestically and abroad."
Specifically, the plaintiffs take issue with the way Gershwin's music and orchestrations
has been rented outside the United States and Canada, the licensing of his ballets,
the licensing of concert grand rights and an alleged failure to register copyrights
in arrangements of his compositions with performance rights organizations in a timely
According to the complaint, Warner Music is contractually required to hand over all
net income, which is defined as gross receipts minus a 15 percent administration
fee. The plaintiffs allege all sorts of ways that Warners failed to make a full accounting
and took too much in deductions and allowed too many commissions. The lawsuit also
takes issue with how the music giant has booked foreign revenue, a hot issue in the
music law world.
Here's one example from the complaint:
"With respect to reported rentals of Concerto in F in Italy during 2003, the royalty
review revealed that the Defendants permitted and/or authorized... the following:
excessive and unnecessary chain of fees and commissions. First, on the $1,903.27
of gross revenue actually paid for the rentals by the end user, a 35% commission
was taken by Ricordi Music Publishing SPA, the local rental third-party sub-agent
in the territory of Italy, before it remitted the net revenue to Warner/Chappell
Italy, the Defendants' affiliated entity in Italy; Second, a 15% commission on this
net amount was then taken by Warner/Chappell-Italy before it remitted the net revenue
to Warner/Chappell US; and Third, a 15% commission was then taken on this net amount
by Warner/Chappell-US before remitting the remaining net revenue sum of $994.44 to
the GG Parties. Making matters worse, the GG Parties received this sum as part of
the accountings rendered by the Defendants in the third quarter of 2007 -- approximately
4 years after the actual payments for the rentals were received by Ricordi."
An April 23 audit report determined that more than $4.4 million was owed before interest,
according to the plaintiffs.
But the plaintiffs say that more is owed through other failures such as using misleading
royalty statements, failure to monitor the activities of affiliates and abandoning
territories including Asia and Australia.
Represented by attorneys Brian Caplan and Jonathan Ross, they are now demanding at
least $5 million in compensatory damages for breach of contract and at least $5 million
in compensatory damages and another $5 million in punitive damages for breach of
fiduciary duty.
Warner Music declined comment.

-Bob Ringwald
Amateur (ham) Radio Operator K6YBV
916/ 806-9551

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